KPP81: Clean Energy Production

 

Module code: KPP81
ECTS Credit Points: 20
Module Type: Compulsory
Year: 2nd
Language: Greek 


Module general description: The purpose of this module is to educate students on issues concerning advanced processes related to the clean energy production. More precisely this module aims to familiarize students with the main refinery processes and especially with those targeting to the production of environmental friendly conventional fuels (hydrodesulphurization), the production of biofuels (bioethanol, biodiesel, renewable diesel, and biogas) and the production, storage and use of hydrogen (Fuel Cells) for the production of electric energy.

Learning Outcomes: After completing this module, the student should be able to:

  • Describe the basics of the operation of a petroleum refinery and state the main products.
  • Describe the chemistry, operational conditions and requirements from the catalysts for the main catalytic processes in a petroleum refinery (reforming, isomerization, catalytic pyrolysis and hydrotreatment).
  • Discuss the importance of biofuels for the sustainable growth.
  • Describe the production of the main biofuels (bioethanol, biodiesel, renewable diesel, biogas, liquid synthetic fuels from gasification of lignocellulosic biomass, liquid biofuels from liquefaction / pyrolysis of lignocellulosic biomass, biofuels from microalgae, and biohydrogen) and discuss their role in the environmental protection.
  • Propose suitable catalysts for biofuels production processes.
  • Explain the necessity of introducing hydrogen to the energy balance of our planet and state the relevant problems which are currently opposing the hydrogen economy.
  • Describe the chemistry, operational conditions and requirements from the catalysts for the catalytic processes for the production of hydrogen from hydrocarbons (steam or CO2 reforming, catalytic partial oxidation and autothermal reforming).
  • Describe processes for the production of hydrogen which are based on the electrolytic, thermochemical or photocatalytic decomposition of water.

Subjects covered:

  • Production of clean petroleum fuels
  • Methods for the exploitation of biomass for biofuels production
  • Production, storage, transportation and use of hydrogen as alternative fuel

Evaluation: Completion of five written assignments during the academic year, the average grade of which constitute a 30 percent of each student's grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 70 percent of the students' final course grade.