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Cultivations under cover- Hydroponics – Thematic Units

HOU > Interdisciplinary PSP Cultivations under cover- Hydroponics (ΚΥΚ) > Cultivations under cover- Hydroponics – Thematic Units

KYK50 Under Cover Crop Environment

Code TU: KYK50
ECTS: 10
Type of TU: Compulsory
Semester offerd: First (1st)
Teaching Language: Greek

Module Outline

Aim of the Thematic Unit: This thematic section aims to provide a background of knowledge about the greenhouse environment, the main climate parameters that shape it, how they are measured and the main types of sensors as well as the basic energy and mass balances of the greenhouse and how they can be used in the selection of the appropriate greenhouse environmental control system. It includes the following units:

  • General about crops under cover
  • Crop response to environmental factors
  • Radiation in greenhouses
  • Elements of solar technology
  • Calculation of insolation and shading of surfaces solar charts
  • Climograph as a tool for assessing the climate suitability for crops under cover
  • Greenhouse covering materials
  • Use of screens in crops under cover – Screenhouses
  • Energy balance of crops under cover
  • Water balance of crops under cover
  • Sensors measuring environmental parameters under cover I. Temperature and solar radiation
  • Sensors measuring environmental parameters under cover II. Humidity, Wind speed and direction.

Learning outcomes:

Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Understand the greenhouse as a crop production system
  • Understand the effect of solar radiation (intensity and spectrum) on plant growth and morphology
  • Recognize the different bands of the solar radiation spectrum and their relationship with agricultural production as well as how to measure them
  • Understand and calculate basic elements of solar techniques
  • Understand solar maps and use them to determine shading periods
  • Calculate the heating-ventilation and cooling periods using the climograph
  • Be familiar with greenhouse covering materials, their properties and how to choose them according to the type of greenhouse and the crop
  • Be familiar about the use of screens as shading equipment and more generally the use of screenhouses for the production of agricultural products
  • Understand the basic concepts of the greenhouse energy balance and use it to select the appropriate greenhouse air conditioning system.
  • Understand the basic concepts of greenhouse water balance and how this affects the humidity inside the greenhouse
  • Be informed about temperature and solar radiation measurement sensors, their operating principles and the selection of different types of sensors.
  • Be informed about humidity, speed and wind direction sensors, their operating principles and the selection of different types of sensors.

Cognitive Subjects:

Prerequisite courses: There are no prerequisites

 

KYK51 Plant protection of crops under cover

Code TU: KYK51
ECTS: 10
Type of TU: Compulsory
Semester offered: First (1st)
Teaching Language: Greek

Module Outline

Aim of the Thematic Unit: The content of this course targets on the knowledge of the pests and diseases of vegetable crops cultivated under cover and their impact on the plant growth, survival and production. Acquiring this background will permit pest and diseases diagnosis based on symptoms but mostly will allow development of control strategies in an integrated manner. The course includes the following units:

  • Introduction to plant pests
  • Holometabolous Insects: Lepidoptera-Diptera-Coleoptera
  • Heterometabolous Insects: Paurometabola – Hemimetabola -Neometabola
  • Mites-Nematodes-Rodents of plant crops
  • Integrated Control of the important plants pests: Understanding the economic dimension of dealing with Animal enemies and more generally its theoretical basis. Main treatment methods, their advantages and disadvantages. Planning Integrated Treatment Programs. Dealing with specific groups of insects. Modern methods of dealing with enemies of cover crops
  • Introduction to plant diseases
  • Diseases of vegetable crops caused by plant pathogenic fungi, bacteria, viruses and non-infectious agents.
  • Diseases of tomato, eggplant, pepper and okra (I)
  • Fungal diseases: Infections of above ground parts. Infections of root, crown and fruits. Vascular wilts.
  • Diseases of tomato, eggplant, pepper and okra (II)
  • Bacterial, viral and non-infectious diseases: Infections of above ground parts. Infections of root, crown and fruits. Vascular wilts.
  • Diseases of crucifers
  • Fungal, bacteria, viral and non-infectious diseases of cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli.
  • Diseases of cucurbits
  • Fungal, bacteria, viral and non-infectious diseases of cucumber, zucchini, watermelon, melon.
  • Diseases of bulbous and leafy vegetables
  • Fungal, bacteria, viral and non-infectious diseases of onion, garlic, leak, lettuce, celery, spinach, artichoke.

Learning outcomes:

Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • The acquisition of the basic knowledge about the attacks caused to cultivated plants by pests (insects, mites, nematodes).
  • To still recognize the symptoms caused to plants by pests. To know basic elements of their classification, their biology and their ecology.
  • Understand the economic dimension of dealing with pests. Theoretical approach to coping. Methods of estimating population density. Biological control. Natural Control Methods, Biotechnological methods (Use of resistant varieties, growth and behavior of insects, exfoliation of sterilized insects). Chemical control in the context of integrated treatment. Planning of Integrated Crop Managing Strategies (case studies). Interaction of the animal enemy with the environment and with other microorganisms.
  • Understand the risks from the reckless use of plant protection products and the methods and rules for the safety of use for the user, the consumer of agricultural products and the environment. Training in the principles of plant protection of agricultural crops and the means and methods used in the integrated treatment of plant pests, in order to ensure plant health of crops, with the least possible disruption to the ecosystem
  • Describe symptomatology, etiology, biology and epidemiology of the most important fungal, bacterial, viral and non-infectious diseases of vegetable crops.
  • Know the principles of integrated disease management of vegetable crops (cultural measures, chemical, biological and integrated control)
  • Develop skills to observe symptoms, identify signs (through stereoscopic and microscopic observations), spores and fruiting bodies, being able to do a correct diagnosis and control the diseases.
  • Be able to constantly be informed on important issues that concern diseases of vegetable crops

Cognitive Subjects:

Prerequisite courses: There are no prerequisites.

 

KYK52 Integrated and Organic Cultivation of vegetables under cover

Code TU: KYK52
ECTS: 10
Type of TU: Compulsory
Semester offered: First (1st)
Teaching Language: Greek

Module Outline

Aim of the Thematic Unit: The aim of the unit KYK 52 is to familiarize the postgraduate students with the current situation and the prospects of vegetable production in Greece and internationally, as well as the way in which environmental factors affect the production and quality of vegetables in greenhouses, and to be trained in modern techniques of vegetable cultivation in low cover, greenhouses and net gardens that are compatible with sustainable agriculture and protect the environment and the health of consumers.

Learning outcomes: Upon completion and successful examination of the course the postgraduate student will know:

  • What are the important horticultural crops,
  • What are the important vegetable crops that are important and what is their nutritional value, What are the main vegetable crops, what are their nutritional value, what are their main nutritional value, what is the current situation in the Greek cabbage industry (in terms of area, productivity, imports & exports, economics of cultivation),
  • what are the modern technologies for the establishment and production of vegetables (nurseries, morning gardening techniques, greenhouses, hydroponics) according to the principles of integrated production management and according to the principles and protocols of organic farming,
  • the post-harvest handling of the vegetables, including their placing on the market.

Based on the above background knowledge, the postgraduate student who has successfully completed the unit will be able to prepare a technical study for vegetable cultivation, to grow a vegetable as a producer, to provide advice to producers on vegetable cultivation, to work in organic vegetable certification bodies and horticultural integrated production management organisations and to work in research projects related to vegetables

Cognitive Subjects:

Prerequisite courses: There are no prerequisites

KYK53 Construction and equipment of crops under cover

Code TU: KYK53
ECTS: 10
Type of TU: Compulsory
Semester offered: Second (2nd)
Teaching Language: Greek

Module Outline

Aim of the Thematic Unit: The aim of the Unit is to provide students with specialized knowledge on the design and equipment of greenhouses and net greenhouses, with particular emphasis on the types and materials of construction of greenhouses and net greenhouses and on the techniques of dimensioning the microclimate control systems of greenhouses and the irrigation network of greenhouses and net greenhouses

Learning outcomes: Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Understand the basic and critical characteristics of the materials used for the construction of the frame of different types of greenhouses and net greenhouses.
  • Analyse the individual design steps of a greenhouse and/or net greenhouse
  • Dimension the heating, ventilation, cooling, CO2 enrichment systems of greenhouses and the irrigation systems of greenhouses and net greenhouses.
  • Use energy-saving techniques and technologies and use renewable energy sources

Cognitive Subjects:

Prerequisite courses: There are no prerequisites

KYK54 Hydroponic crops under cover

Code TU: KYK54
ECTS: 10
Type of TU: Compulsory
Semester offered: Second (2nd)
Teaching Language: Greek

Module Outline

Aim of the Thematic Unit:  the aim of KYK54 is to provide students with a complete and comprehensive background of knowledge on hydroponic crops of vegetables, flowers and other plants grown under cover with emphasis on hydroponic systems, the equipment of hydroponic crops, the substrates for growing under cover, the nutrition and irrigation of plants in open and closed hydroponic systems

Learning Outcomes:

After successful completion of this unit, attendees will be able to:

  • assess the possibilities of applying soilless culture in a commercial greenhouse and estimate the expected benefits
  • select the most appropriate soilless cultivation system and growth medium in each specific situation
  • calculate nutrient solutions for any crop species, cultivation system, and irrigation water source
  • manage plant nutrition and irrigation in soilless cultivations
  • contribute to the study and implementation of open or closed-cycle soilless culture projects
  • disseminate knowledge on soilless culture

Cognitive Subjects:

Prerequisite courses: There are no prerequisites

 

KYK55 Stress Physiology

Code TU: KYK55
ECTS: 10
Type of TU: Compulsory
Semester offered: Second (2nd)
Teaching Language: Greek

Module Outline

Aim of the Thematic Unit: The content of this course targets on the knowledge of the structural and functional changes that occur in a cultivated plant when a biotic or abiotic stress factor is introduced in the environment. It includes the following units:

  • Introduction to the basic structure and functions of plants
  • Climate change and its possible impacts on agricultural production: the scenarios of global warming and its effects
  • Accumulation of salts in soil or nutrient solution
  • Water shortage
  • Low irradiance
  • Absence of ultraviolet and the morphogenetic effects
  • Variations in CO2 concentration
  • Insufficient aeration of the soil or nutrient solution
  • Oxidative stress: The crossroads where undesirable side effects of stresses meet
  • The chemical arsenal of plants against pathogens and insects
  • The defence mechanisms of plants against pathogens and insects
  • The potential use of the mild stress application to the improvement of greenhouse production

Learning outcomes: Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Know the basic concepts and terminology of exercise physiology
  • Know the effects of abiotic stress factors (lack of excess water, salinity, extreme temperatures, problematic light regime, CO2 or O2 deficiency) on the structure and function of cultivated plants
  • Knowledge of the effects of biotic stress factors (pathogens and pests) on the structure and function of crop plants
  • Exploit the beneficial effects of stress factors on the production and quality of products
  • Be aware of the interactions of greenhouse crops with climate change

Cognitive Subjects:

Prerequisite courses: There are no prerequisites

KYK56 Production of dormant flowers, pot plants and nursery stock under shelter

Code TU: KYK56
ECTS: 10
Type of TU: Compulsory
Semester offered: Third (3rd)
Teaching Language: Greek

Module Outline

Aim of the Thematic Unit: The aim of the unit KYK56 is to familiarize the postgraduate students with modern techniques of cultivation of flowering plants in greenhouses and net gardens that aim at the production of fresh flowers, pot plants and propagating material for floriculture and are compatible with a sustainable agriculture that protects the environment.

Learning outcomes: Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to know:

  • What are the individual branches of floriculture and what are the most important ornamental plants per branch,
  • What is the current situation in the Greek floriculture sector (in terms of area, productivity, imports & exports, economics of cultivation).
  • what are the modern technologies for the establishment and production of cut flowers, pot plants and propagating material for horticulture – landscape architecture.
  • Also, the student will be able to:
  • carry out a technical study for a greenhouse plant for the production of cut flowers, pot plants or propagating material for floriculture,
  • grow a flowering plant as a producer,
  • advising producers on the cultivation of flowering plants under cover,
  • work on research projects related to floriculture.

Cognitive subjects:

  • Importance and prospects of modern business floriculture
  • Botanical and cultural classification of ornamental plants
  • Classes of floricultural production under cover (cut flowers, pot plants, flowering plant propagating material)
  • Influence of environmental factors on floricultural production under cover (root environment, sunlight and light, temperature, air humidity)
  • Propagation of ornamental plants. Classical methods (inbred reproduction by seed, asexual reproduction by division, cuttings, cuttings, cuttings, underground germination). Tissue culture. Ornamental plant inoculations. Flower nurseries.
  • Modern techniques for the production of dormant flowers under cover.
  • Modern techniques for the production of pot plants under cover.
  • Application of chemical growth regulators to floricultural crops under cover
  • Post-harvest handling (standardisation, preservation and marketing of floricultural products

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites

KYK57 Environmental policy, environmental studies and recycling of crop waste under cover

Code TU: KYK57
ECTS: 10
Type of TU: Compulsory
Semester offered: Third (3rd)
Teaching Language: Greek

Module Outline

Aim of the Thematic Unit: This thematic unit aims to provide a background of knowledge about the factors, parameters and methodologies that will mainly concern the possibilities for the safe reuse of municipal treated wastewater and biosolids in agriculture. It includes the following units:

  • Application of the directives of International organizations such as the FAO, EPA of the USA and the rules established by the Greek State based on the Directives of the European Union.
  • The Greek policy and legal framework governing the application of treated wastewater and sludge to agriculture and the environment
  • Composition of the treated wastewater and sludge Quality parameters: (a)-Organic matter (BOD, COD) (b)-Microorganisms (c)-chemical elements (macro-, micronutrients, heavy metals) Toxic organic compounds, xenobiotics, pharmaceuticals, microplastics
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of reusing treated municipal wastewater and sludge in cover crops
  • Effects of treated municipal wastewater on soil and plants
  • Prediction of soil pollution risk with heavy metals using pollution indicators
  • Management methods for effective reuse of treated wastewater and sludge
  • Management systems of the treated wastewater in the crops under cover
  • Sludge composting

Learning outcomes: Upon successful completion of this unit, students will be able to:

  • Κnow the environmental policies at international and national level regarding the reuse of wastewater and biosolids in agriculture.
  • Know the composition of treated wastewater and biosolids.
  • Know the advantages and disadvantages of reusing treated municipal wastewater and biosolids.
  • Understand the advantage of the safe reuse of liquid wastewater and biosolids
  • Apply the composting of biosolids in agriculture

Cognitive Subjects:

Prerequisite courses: There are no prerequisites

KYKPA Internship

 

Code: KYKPA
ECTS Credits: 10
Type: Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered: Third (3rd)
Language of instruction: Greek

Module Outline

General Description: The Internship includes 15 days of practical training in greenhouses and greenhouses of public institutions (Research Institutes, Universities) and/or in private organized crop enterprises under the supervision and guidance of a supervising professor. The Thematic Union Internship includes the following stages.

1.First phase before the start of the semester:

  • Search by the student of the institution implementing the internship.
  • Contact an internship office of HOU
  • Approval by the KYΚPA Coordinator
  • Declaration of the Internship institution at the Internship Office of HOU.
  • Agreement between student and institution
  1. Second phase

1st G.C.M : Internship guidance.

  • Implementation of a 15-day internship:

During the 15-day internship the students they are called:

  • To be informed about the organization’s activities regarding Cover Crops, the sector’s problems, prospects and subsidy programs for the sector.
  • To attend field work in a greenhouse in the area and to register his equipment.
  • To be informed about issues of marketing crop products under cover.
  • To collaborate with members of the host institution in job search techniques in the field of Covered Crops.

2nd G.C.M.: Internship report and guidance for writing the final written assignment.

3.Third phase

  • Submission of the Final Written Assignment.
  • Oral Presentation/Examination of Final Written Assignment.

Learning outcomes: Upon successful completion of the KYKPA, students will have gained a first insight into their professional field as qualified managers for the field of cover crops and hydroponics and will have understood how the theoretical knowledge gained in the previous units is linked to their practical application.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites

 

KYKDE Postgraduate Diploma Thesis

Code: KYKDE
ECTS Credits: 30
Type: Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered: Fourth (4th)
Language of instruction: Greek

Module Outline

General Description: The Postgraduate Diploma Thesis will be a scientific paper of a bibliographical nature and/or a research paper and will be an in-depth investigation of a topic as it is currently formulated. The specific topic will be related to the P.D.Th. and a subject area and the student will be given the opportunity to work in depth on a subset of the science that interests him/her the most. A supervisor – advisor will be appointed who will cooperate and advise the student as well as a three-member committee that will evaluate the Thesis. There will be frequent face-to-face meetings or teleconferences between the supervisor and the student until the teaching objectives of the dissertation are fulfilled. The student will undertake the writing of the dissertation ~80-100 pages, and at the end, before the three-member examination committee, in an open seminar, the student will present the P.D.Th. in the form of a lecture. It has a duration of one academic semester.

Diplomas are based on specific data obtained from the experimental act. The content is just as strict in a scientific sense. Postgraduate dissertations often include some practical work by students, who are expected to collect data through experimental activities. For students, the Dissertation is part of a broader research and data collection process.

Indicative topics for research:

  • Energy use efficiency within greenhouses of different type and cultivation mode.
  • Greenhouse climate effect on transpiration and water use
  • The effect of ventilation of the greenhouse on cultivation microclima and other characteristics Evaluation of the different lettuce varieties against pathogen attacks
  • The use of endophytic microorganisms against phytopathogenic fungi in hydroponic lettuce culture
  • Light intensity and quality within greenhouses
  • Factors affecting CO2 concentration within greenhouses
  • Interaction between phenolics and plant growth in greenhouse cultivations

Learning outcomes: The learning outcomes expected upon successful completion of the Postgraduate Diploma Thesis are summarized as follows:

  • Training scientists in the principles, methods and equipment required for greenhouse and netgarden cultivation.
  • Training of specialists in modern technologies for hydroponic crops.
  • Scientific and technological training of scientists in the application of modern cultivation methods and bioclimatic design in research, the agricultural equipment and agricultural supplies industry.
  • To familiarise postgraduate students with modern relevant laboratory and experimental equipment.
  • The training of postgraduate students in the organisation and operation of greenhouse and net-grower units.
  • The creation of an adequate human potential of qualified scientists who will be able to staff existing units of production of products under cover, study offices, agricultural research centres and public services on the one hand and
  • to work as self-employed in their own relevant unit of production of products under cover on the other hand.

For more information regarding the Specifications – Useful Material for writing An MSc Dissertation and submitting it to HOU Repository, please visit the portal http://courses.eap.gr. The General Regulation for the presentation of an MSc Dissertation in postgraduate degree programmes organized on a semi-annual basis is available at https://www.eap.gr/semi-annual-programs/

Prerequisites: The presentation of the Postgraduate Thesis takes place after the successful completion of the Modules of the Program.

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