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Sports Studies: Sociology, History, Anthropology – THEMATIC UNITS

HOU > Sports Studies: Sociology, History, Anthropology (ASK) > Sports Studies: Sociology, History, Anthropology – THEMATIC UNITS

ASK50: Social and cultural history of sports

Unit Code: ASK 50
ECTS credits: 10
Unit Type: Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered:First (1st)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

According to the prevailing notion, sport activities consist a “universal” and “intertemporal” phenomenon; its genealogy can be traced back in the pre-neoteric forms of physical activity. However, as contemporary research has shown, the generation of sports activities as they are known today is related to broader social, cultural, economic and political processes that took place in the Western industrial countries.  

In this context, at first, the contemporary sports are introduced in England in the 18th and 19th centuries more by a process of rupture than by synergy with previous forms of physical activity. The feature that consists their main distinction is the introduction of regulation, that among other facts allows the control of violence, their intensely competitive nature, as well as their independence from broader religious and ritual routines; this fact promotes the “pleasure” they offer to the participants as their only aim.  

Starting from the case of modern and contemporary Greece, the TU develops along two interconnected thematic lines. The first concerns the historical processes for the formation, propagation and institutionalization of sports activities. The second is related to the social, cultural and political-ideological aspects that prevail at various periods in the field of sports.

Learning Outcomes:

After the end of the unit, students are expected to:

  • Examine the place of sport and athletics in the context of contemporary historical research,
  • Distinguish the main scientific paradigms of historical research on sport and sports,
  • Identify the main theoretical and empirical strands of historical research into sport and sporting activities,
  • Explore the historical processes of formation, dissemination and institutionalization of sport and modern sports in the context of modernity,
  • Assess the importance of sport and sports in shaping modern societies.

Cognitive Objects of the Thematic Unit:

  • The place of sport and sports in the context of historiography
  • The historical processes of the birth of modern sports

Evaluation: Completion of written assignments during the academic semester which constitute a 40 percent of each student’s grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 60 percent of the students’ final course grade.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this Thematic Module.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning.

ASK51: Sociology and anthropology of sport: theory and method

Unit Code: ASK 51
ECTS credits: 10
Unit Type: Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered: First (1st)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

Sport as a significant leisure activity in modern society is connected to a network of cultural practices and commoditized relations through which identities are performed and particular symbols and meanings become objects of negotiation and appropriation. The Thematic Unit examines the social contexts of sports institutions and activities and the interrelationships between society, economy and sports in modern society. Furthermore, it highlights the conditions for the evolution of traditional games into institutionalized sports, the conditions for the formation of sociology, and later anthropology, of sports as distinct disciplines within the social sciences. The Thematic module also presents the theoretical background of the most important schools of sociological thought in the field of sports: the structural-functional perspective of sports, the theory of formations (figurational approach) of Elias, the Marxist approach, post-structuralism, the approach of the biopower of sports, feminist criticism etc.

Learning Outcomes:

After the end of the unit, students are expected to:

  • Be aware of the multiple and complex social, cultural, economic and political dimensions of sport and sports and their interconnections
  • Know the main axes of theoretical reflection and the corresponding research agenda of the social sciences on sport and sports, based on the relevant Greek and international literature
  • Know the basic methods of sports social research, the connection of each of them with individual research questions and the corresponding sources of research material
  • Be able to design and implement social and historical micro-research related to sport and sports.

Cognitive Objects of the Thematic Unit:

  • Issues of sociology and anthropology of sport and sports
  • Sport and sports: methods and techniques of social field research

Evaluation: Completion of written assignments during the academic semester which constitute a 40 percent of each student’s grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 60 percent of the students’ final course grade.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this Thematic Module.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning.

ASK52: History of Physical Education

Unit Code: ASK 52
ECTS credits: 10
Unit Type: Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered: First (1st)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

The development of gymnastics and sport, despite their parallel course, had a different ideological and social scope. The values of discipline and collectivity, which exercising promoted, as opposed to the liberal ideology and individualism promoted by sport, gave it a quick acceptance by lower classes, and it was used primarily as a means of moral education.

Goal of the T.U. is to make students understand how prevailing social, cultural, political and economic conditions have influenced the processes of shaping Physical Education in education. With the term Physical Education we refer to physical exercise-gymnastics as a distinct cognitive subject and part of the educational process at all educational levels, but also at educational institutions training gymnasts.

The T.U. focuses mainly on the theoretical and methodological approaches that highlight the multiplicity of the field and the interdisciplinary nature of the central epistemological issues, terms and concepts that concern the history of Physical Education. In order to approach these multi-aspect dimensions, the module develops into two corresponding thematic axes. The first axis begins with the introduction to historiographical approaches to the evolution of physical education. The second attempts a historical review of the forms and conditions of integration of physical education into Greek educational system.

Learning Outcomes:

It is expected that upon successful completion of the module, students will be able to:

  • Connect the processes of physical education evolution with different historical periods
  • Examine the role, influence and importance of physical education and sport in modern Greek society and education
  • Recognize the close interconnection of Physical Education with the educational, social and political processes of each period
  • Distinguish the multiple and complex conceptual relationships between the meanings of “Gymnastics”, “Physical Education” and “Physical Education”
  • Evaluate and exploit research findings.

Cognitive Objects of the Thematic Unit:

  • Historiographical Approaches to Physical Education
  • History of Physical Education in Educational system

Evaluation: Completion of written assignments during the academic semester which constitute a 40 percent of each student’s grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 60 percent of the students’ final course grade.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this Thematic Module.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning.

ASK53: Social and political function of Physical Education

Unit Code: ASK 53
ECTS credits: 10
Unit Type:Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered: Second (2nd)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

Analyzing the social role of physical education highlights its important political functions, contributing to the definition of social values ​​and standards in modern society.

The T.U. purpose is to make students understand how the prevailing social, cultural, political and economic conditions have functioned so as to shape physical education in school.

In order to comprehend these multifaceted dimensions, the module develops along two thematic axes. The first axis examines physical education in the context of educational reforms (education policy, legislation, curricula, modernization and teacher education). The second axis examines the ideological influences that shaped educational practices in physical education.

Learning Outcomes:

It is expected that upon successful completion of the module, students will be able to:

  • Examine the role, influence and importance of physical education and sport in modern Greek society and educational system
  • Recognize the close interconnection of the field of physical education with the educational, social and political processes of each historical period
  • Research and critically analyze the processes of shaping policies for physical education and sport
  • Evaluate research findings

Cognitive Objects of the Thematic Unit:

  • Physical education and educational reforms
  • Physical education: construction of identities

Evaluation: Completion of written assignments during the academic semester which constitute a 40 percent of each student’s grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 60 percent of the students’ final course grade.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this Thematic Module.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning.

ASK54: Fans and their worlds I: the social organisation and evolution of fan communities

Unit Code: ASK 54
ECTS credits:10
Unit Type:Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered: Second (2nd)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

The complex and multifaceted social dimensions of sport do not only concern the institutions and the social organization of sport, but also the subjects, collectives and communities of fans and followers. In modern societies, communities of fans and organized fans shape special meaning systems, ways of thinking and behavior.

The specific Thematic Unit aims to investigate, on the one hand, the terms of formation, the forms of organization and the social relations and practices that develop in the worlds of fans and, on the other hand, their interaction with the wider socio-cultural context in which they emerge.

Learning Outcomes:

It is expected that upon successful completion of the module, students will be able to:

  • Be aware of the historical formation processes of fan communities
  • Be aware of the differences in the social and cultural characteristics of the audiences of different sports
  • Be aware of the historical, social and cultural foundations of the opposition between ‘fan’ and ‘supporter’
  • To be aware of the processes of historical formation of supporters in popular team sports, especially football
  • To be familiar with the forms of organisation, structure and function of organised supporters’ associations
  • To be aware of the importance of the media in the development of supra-local, imaginary and imaginary fan communities

Cognitive Objects of the Thematic Unit:

  • Historical and social dimensions of the collective organisation of fans and supporters
  • Aspects of the organisation and functioning of organised fan communities: the social constitution of modern fanhood

Evaluation: Completion of written assignments during the academic semester which constitute a 40 percent of each student’s grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 60 percent of the students’ final course grade.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this Thematic Module.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning.

ASK55: ‘Deviance‘ and ‘violence’ in sport context

Unit Code:ASK 55
ECTS credits: 10
Unit Type: Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered:Second (2nd)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

In public discourse, the field of the sports enthusiasts and especially of organized fans has mainly been related with ‘social deviance’ and violence. In accordance with the agenda of Mass Media and other related institutions a big part of the academic literature on sports is tackling with similar issues.

In spite of that, modern theoretical approaches indicate a more complex relation between sports, fans and ‘deviant behavior’, highlighting the role of sport institutions, athletic associations and athletes themselves in cases of events of ‘deviance’ in sport related spaces. The aforementioned conclusions are valid even more so due to the instrumentalization of sports in the context of the dominant social, political and economic system.

Based on all the above, the goal of this T.U. is the critical examination of the phenomena of ‘deviance’ in athletic spaces. More specifically, this course will investigate issues regarding the varying forms and dimensions of such social practices, their hegemonic and counterhegemonic representations and the different theoretical propositions that have articulated to account for their social and cultural interpretation.

Learning Outcomes:

It is expected that upon successful completion of the module, students will be able to:

  • Distinguish between different forms of ‘deviance’ between sport fans
  • Recognize the potential role of athletes and sport officials in case of ‘athletic deviance’ and especially violence
  • Examine dominant and alternative representations of ‘deviance’ in the context of sports
  • Compare different theoretical approaches on the issue
  • Plan and implement relevant research on the issue

Cognitive Objects of the Thematic Unit:

  • Forms of ‘deviance’ in sport spaces
  • Representations and interpretations of ‘deviance’ and ‘violence’ in sport context

Evaluation: Completion of written assignments during the academic semester which constitute a 40 percent of each student’s grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 60 percent of the students’ final course grade.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this Thematic Module.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning.

ASK60: Fans and their worlds II: fan identities and culture

Unit Code: ASK 60
ECTS credits: 10
Unit Type: Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered:Third (3rd)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

Sport fans’ worlds constitute a multidimensional and dynamic social field within which changing forms of identification are expressed. The aim of the Thematic Unit concerns how fans identities are constructed and to make sense of the cultural practices and rituals through which they are performed.

In particular, the Thematic Unit is developed in two theoretical and research lines of reasoning. The first deals with how fans’ identities are related to the historically contingent social, class and cultural realities which frame their communities. The second focuses on both the cultural material and the performative dimension of fans’ identities by emphasizing, on the one hand, on the various forms of cultural expressions which are enacted in the life-worlds of sports and, on the other, on how confrontation rituals shape these identities.

Learning Outcomes:

 It is expected that upon successful completion of the module, students will be able to:

  • Know the importance of fan engagement in building a sense of self and community
  • Be aware of the relationship between fandom and other forms of social, cultural and political identity
  • Be aware of the importance of sport as a field of popular cultural creation and as a source of inspiration for artistic production
  • To design and implement a corresponding empirical research project

Cognitive Objects of the Thematic Unit:

  • The social and cultural content of fan identities
  • Collective action, values and symbols in fan communities

Evaluation: Completion of written assignments during the academic semester which constitute a 40 percent of each student’s grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 60 percent of the students’ final course grade.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this Thematic Module.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning.

ASK61: Issues of social control in sports arenas

Unit Code: ASK 61
ECTS credits: 10
Unit Type: Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered:Third (3rd)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

The hegemonic representations and interpretations of ‘delinquency’ and ‘violence’ in sports venues aspired and aspire to determine the design and implementation of corresponding legislation or policies of ‘preventive’, but mainly repressive social control. The purpose of the Thematic Unit is the critical investigation of the forms of social control in the field of sports. In particular, issues such as the legal-institutional, but also the informal operating framework of the bodies involved in the event and/or dealing with them and the corresponding policies that have been proposed and implemented from time to time are investigated.

Learning Outcomes:

It is expected that upon successful completion of the module, students will be able to:

  • Be aware of the institutional-legal and informal framework of the constitution and operation of organised supporters’ associations
  • Be familiar with the legal-institutional framework for dealing with sports violence
  • Be aware of the individual bodies involved in dealing with sports violence
  • Be aware of the different policies that have been proposed and/or implemented in Greece and internationally to address sports violence
  • Be aware of the relationship between ‘theoretical’ approaches to ‘sports violence’ and ‘deviance’ and the corresponding policies and practices
  • Design and implement relevant research

Cognitive Objects of the Thematic Unit:

  • The institutional-legal framework for the operation of organised fans’ associations in Greece and Europe
  • Bodies and policies for dealing with sports violence in Greece and internationally

Evaluation: Completion of written assignments during the academic semester which constitute a 40 percent of each student’s grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 60 percent of the students’ final course grade.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this Thematic Module.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning.

ASK62: Sociology and anthropology of the body and gender

Unit Code: ASK 62
ECTS credits:10
Unit Type:Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered:Third (3rd)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

In the context of the revised theoretical approaches of the past decades at the field of social sciences, an increasing number of sociological and anthropological studies underlined the “body” and the “sex” as important and interrelated areas of research. The excessive focus of study of sociologists and social anthropologists to the processes of social and cultural construction of the body and sex is not exclusively related to theoretical fermentations.

It also reflects broader socio-political and economic transformations as well as specific scientific and technological developments that characterize the later modernity. In this aspect, the interest of the researchers focuses on body analysis in relation to the construction of gendered subject, timely action, power relations, identity, difference, etc.

In order to comprehend these multifaceted dimensions, the module develops along two thematic axes. The first axis examines theoretical contribution of social sciences in relation with the processes of social, cultural and political production of body and sex. The second axis examines the importance of sport and physical education as a field of sex-based physical practices.

Learning Outcomes:

It is expected that upon successful completion of the module, students will be able to:

  • To know the main axes of theoretical reflection and the corresponding research agenda of the social sciences on the body and social gender, based on the relevant Greek and international literature
  • Be familiar with the social, political and economic conditions, as well as the scientific developments of late modernity that contributed to the rethinking of the body and social gender
  • Be familiar with ethnographic and microsociological examples that demonstrate the multiple and complex social and cultural meanings (gender, class, ethno-cultural, racial) associated with the body, social gender, their performances and transformations
  • Be familiar with ethnographic and micro-sociological examples that demonstrate the body and gender as fields of political claims and conflicts
  • Be aware of the importance of sport and sports in the processes of social production of the body and gender

Cognitive Objects of the Thematic Unit:

  • Body and gender in the social sciences
  • Sport, body and gender

Evaluation: Completion of written assignments during the academic semester which constitute a 40 percent of each student’s grade, if a pass is obtained in the final or repetitive examination. Final exam grades constitute a 60 percent of the students’ final course grade.

Prerequisites: There are no prerequisites for this Thematic Module.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning.

ASKDE – Master’s Dissertation

Unit Code: ASK DE
ECTS Credits: 30
Unit Type: Compulsory
Semester in which it is offered: Fourth (4th)
Language of instruction:Greek

Module Outline

General description of the Thematic Unit:

The preparation of the Master’s dissertation takes place after the successful completion of all nine Thematic Units of the program. Its duration is one academic semester. The dissertation can be based on primary empirical research or an original critical review of the relevant literature and address issues related to the Thematic Units and the individual axes that make them up. Its topic is proposed by the student and is formed in its final form in collaboration with the supervising professor-advisor.

Learning Outcomes:

Upon completion of the Dissertation (DE), the student is expected to:

  • Is able to conduct original social research on issues related to sport and physical education,
  • Recognizes, applies and combines the different methods and techniques of the social sciences (ethnographic research, archival research, discourse and content analysis, quantitative social research) in the study of sports and physical education,
  • Knows and observes the principles and rules of ethics of social research.

General Regulation for the Preparation of Master’s Theses in postgraduate programmes with a six-month duration.

For more information regarding the Specifications – Useful Material for writing Master’s Theses and uploading a Thesis at the H.O.U. Repository, you can go to the Digital Training Area http://courses.eap.gr and especially to the Program of Studies section.

Prerequisites: The oral support of the dissertation requires the successful completion of all nine (9) Units of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd semesters of the Program.

Module Delivery Method: Distance Learning

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